Hong Kong Residents Looking to Buy in the UK: What You Need to Know

Hong Kong residents are looking to invest in the UK property market

Hong Kong Nationals are buying UK property

BNO Passport Holders now have a fast track to UK Citizenship

BNO Passport Holders now have a fast track to UK Citizenship

Manchester is increasingly becoming a hotspot for Hong Kong investors looking to buy outside of the capital

Chinatown in Manchester. Manchester is home to the first authentic Imperial Chinese Arch in Europe

Hong Kong residents' guide for UK property purchase. Showing current market trends and how a specialist mortgage broker can overcome the difficulties involved.

The reasons for buying a property are many. What is currently attractive to purchasers are historically low interest rates, no stamp duty for purchases up to £500,000.00, and a rising value market.”

— Stuart Marshall

MANCHESTER, GREATER MANCHESTER, UK, August 9, 2020 /EINPresswire.com/ — Hong Kong Residents Looking to Buy in the UK: What You Need to Know

The UK is still a growing and popular destination for investment. This is the case for both British expats living and working in Hong Kong and also Hong Kong nationals . "We’ve seen a 66% increase in enquiries from Hong Kong compared to the same time last year" says Stuart Marshall, CEO of Liquid Expat Mortgages. "We’re very accustomed to the difficulties involved in getting a UK mortgage while living in Hong Kong but, because of our experience, we’re able to offer a range of great options for those living in Hong Kong and looking to buy in the UK. With the recent pandemic we have also been able to adapt our procedures to ensure smooth and safe processing of all applications." Whilst many customers previously looked to high street banks, they’ve quickly realised that they aren’t able to offer satisfactory options to investors living overseas. Our team at Liquid Expat Mortgages have pre-existing relationships and lines of contact with specialist lenders who are specifically geared toward serving overseas customers. What’s more, as we are based in the UK and in Hong Kong itself, we’re perfectly situated to assist enquiries from both Hong Kong nationals and UK Expats.”

Market Trends.

Current UK property market trends have shown no let up in demand for UK property. When you scratch the surface it soon becomes clear that the UK offers incredible investment opportunities. An increasing trend is that buyers from Hong Kong have started to invest outside of London. Hong Kong is well linked to many investment hotspots in the UK, with direct flights to Manchester and Birmingham as well as key Scottish cities. Cities like Nottingham currently have average rental yields of 12% (the highest in the UK), and other hotspots also enjoy yields in excess of 6 and 7% so it’s easy to understand why investors are looking outside of London (where yields are only around 2%).

Student cities like Manchester, Sheffield, Birmingham and Nottingham have seen incredibly strong rental yields for property owners and there’s no sign that this will slow down with more and more people deciding to pursue a university education.

Difficulties for Hong Kong Investors Looking to Buy in the UK.

It can be hard to get a UK mortgage from Hong Kong. One sticking point will likely be difficulties with a UK credit score. If you’re a UK expat living and working in Hong Kong, it’s likely that you’ve not been using your British credit card or that you have outstanding bills that could cause issues when your mortgage application is being assessed.

Another common stumbling block is if that if you are paid in Hong Kong Dollars you are protected by certain consumer rights when buying a mortgage in UK. These include the mortgage holder's right to convert their mortgage into a foreign currency whenever they choose. There will also be contingencies in place to protect the buyer against drastically falling exchange rates. This amounts to increased reluctance from lenders to deal with customers from Hong Kong since they take a great deal more risk. Furthermore, Hong Kong nationals might feel they don’t have any connection to the UK so they have no hope of getting a UK mortgage. "This couldn’t be further from the truth. In fact the more Hong Kong citizens and nationals investigate UK mortgages, the more they realised we could find them a mortgage" continues Stuart Marshall.

Using a Mortgage Broker.

A great way to make the process easier and benefit from the rewards of buying a UK property through an Expat mortgage is to use a specialist mortgage broker. "Unlike banks, we are a specialist Expat and Foreign mortgage broker and we only focus on obtaining mortgages for UK property. Our experience lies in finding your UK mortgage and marrying it to your objectives and circumstances. Our expertise and knowledge is how to make that happen quickly and efficiently with the minimum disruption for the customer." Despite the difficulties of COVID-19, Hong Kong nationals who hold BNO passports have shown great interest in cities like Manchester, Glasgow and a number of other areas in the UK. This is not to mention the UK expats who live and work in Hong Kong who want to buy a property back in the UK for investment, work or simply to retire to." Stuart Marshall concludes by saying "The reasons for buying a property are many. However, what is currently attractive to purchasers are historically low interest rates, no stamp duty for purchases up to £500,000.00, and a rising value market. Companies that can help you access this market are proving invaluable to investors as we can advise on Buy-to-Let and Residential mortgages.”

Contact Us.

Liquid Expat Mortgages
Unit F2, Waterfold Business Park,
Bury BL9 7BR
Phone: 0161 871 1216

Any media enquiries please contact Ulysses Communications
00 44 161 633 5009

Sergio Pani
Ulysses Communications & Promotions
+44 7811 326463
email us here

Source: EIN Presswire

First Vegan Certification Standard in the World Gains Global Accreditation

BeVeg International -- Global Leader in Vegan Certification with Internationally Recognized Global Trademark

BeVeg International — Global Leader in Vegan Certification with Internationally Recognized Global Trademark

BeVeg - First Vegan Standard in the World to be Globally Accredited by ISO ISO/IEC 17065:2012

BeVeg – First Vegan Standard in the World to be Globally Accredited by ISO ISO/IEC 17065:2012

World Accreditation Forum for Certification. NAC is the Accreditation Body for BeVeg International

World Accreditation Forum for Certification. NAC is the Accreditation Body for BeVeg International

It’s official! BeVeg International is the global leader in vegan certification as the first vegan certification standard in the world, to be ISO accredited.

We pursued this rigorous accreditation to assure consumers that every BeVeg certified vegan company or product follows strict — uniform — standards to assure vegan quality assurance”

— Carissa Kranz, Esq., Founder & CEO of BeVeg Global Vegan Certification

PALM BEACH, FLORIDA, UNITED STATES, August 8, 2020 /EINPresswire.com/ — It’s official! BeVeg International, the global leader in vegan certification is the first vegan certification standard in the world — that is vegan in scope — to be globally accredited and recognized by ISO ISO/IEC 17065:2012 (ISO 17065). ISO 17065 is the international quality standard for organizations certifying products, processes and services.

“We pursued this rigorous accreditation to serve as an independent validation to assure our customers and consumers that BeVeg’s systems are comprehensive and that every BeVeg certified vegan company or product follows strict — uniform — standards to assure not only food safety but vegan quality assurance for all products across all industry sectors,” said Carissa Kranz, attorney founder & CEO of BeVeg.

The BeVeg vegan certification program protects consumers and furthers truth in labeling laws by confirming that a product meets strict standards for vegan quality assurance. To achieve ISO 17065, BeVeg underwent a vigorous audition process to ensure BeVeg follows internationally established best practices for audit and product certification in accordance with industry expectations.

BeVeg stands out as a trustworthy organization with true meaning behind its vegan trademarks, giving the consumer confidence that the products and processes certified vegan by BeVeg meet the highest standards for vegan certification. BeVeg sets the standard for vegan quality control and assurance through risk assessment, plant audits, equipment testing, and product testing both in the plant and at the point of consumer purchase.

The BeVeg vegan certification standard has demonstrated a dedication to holding the global community accountable to a single international standard and vegan standard. “Vegan claims and labels are just as important and serious as kosher, gluten-free, organic, and other food and product safety certifications,” says Kranz.

The accreditation certificate was granted and announced by the National Accreditation Center (NAC), a global accreditation body under APAC, which is part of the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) community.

The BeVeg Vegan Certified logo global BeVeg vegan trademark program is officially recognized as the vegan trademark of choice. BeVeg vegan trademark symbols are the only law firm issued vegan symbols in the world, the only law firm drafted vegan standard, and the first and only accredited vegan standard to be recognized in accordance with industry best practices as acknowledged by the world accreditation community and defined by ISO.

To date, no other vegan certifying body has yet to reach the same level of vegan quality assurance and accreditation by international standards.

BeVeg International Vegan Certification
BeVeg International
+1 202-996-7999
email us here
Visit us on social media:

Source: EIN Presswire

Minnesota Hospice Expert Kenneth Norman Haglind Explains How To Decide If Hospice Care Is A Good Fit For Your Loved One

Ken Haglind Minnesota Hospice

LAKEVILLE, MN, UNITED STATES, August 7, 2020 /EINPresswire.com/ — When you're working to figure out how to handle the declining health of a loved one, emotions can run high. Minnesota hospice expert Kenneth Norman Haglind explains how to decide if it's time to consider hospice care for your family member who is suffering from a terminal illness.

First, you'll want to talk with their doctor and get their opinion. While the final decision is up to you, get an unbiased opinion from someone who is emotionally removed from the situation can go a long way in helping you figure out next steps, says Kenneth Haglind.

Of course, the most important person in the decision is your loved one. Kenneth Norman Haglind recommends talking to them about how they feel about hospice care. Ken Haglind says that while this conversation may feel uncomfortable for you, take solace in the fact that your loved one has already mulled over the possibility of the end of life care many times in their mind. If treatment is no longer working well, or they no longer want to pursue aggressive treatment options, Ken Haglind says that hospice care may be the next logical step. Your family member may even be relieved that you're presenting them with the option, according to Kenneth Haglind. Many people who are dealing with a terminal illness go through aggressive treatment at the insistence of family members, even though they may not want the treatment themselves.

If your loved one's pain is getting harder and harder to manage, that's another sign that it may be time to consider hospice care, according to Kenneth Haglind. Studies show that pain becomes more intense in the final stages of life. Talking to your loved one about making them as comfortable as possible through the progression of their disease can let them know that you're making their comfort a top priority, even though the conversation may be emotionally difficult for you.

While your loved one is the top priority, Kenneth Norman Haglind also recommends taking stock of your own energy and stress levels. Being a full or part-time caretaker of a loved one takes a toll not only on you – but on your family members as well. In order for you to be there for your loved one, you need to take care of yourself first. If you're not able to manage your own stress levels while caring for your loved one, hospice may be the answer. Kenneth Haglind urges you to remember that this does not mean you're giving up on your loved one – you can still be heavily involved in their care.

Caroline Hunter
Web Presence, LLC
+ +19412233529
email us here

Source: EIN Presswire

Expedition Communications Helps Businesses Prepare for Most Active Hurricane Season Ever Predicted

The Most Active Hurricane Season in History Means Businesses in the Caribbean Need Connectivity Solutions. Expedition Communications Responds with Options.

Satellite as a backup solution is imperative. Satellite communications enable a diverse solution that keeps customers connected when cell towers & cable lines are out.”

— Dean Eldridge, CEO of Expedition Communications

SAN JUAN, PR, UNITED STATES, August 7, 2020 /EINPresswire.com/ — Expedition Communications urges businesses to reach out to them as soon as possible to secure back-up communications systems including high-speed internet. This is due to recent news from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). They have re-forecasted that the 2020 hurricane season to an astonishing figure – an expected 25 named storms for the season.

After Hurricane Maria, 90% of cell phone towers were knocked out, making it hard for people to connect with anyone. FEMA brought in satellite phones to help fill gaps and allow first responders to better communicate. This is because, in hurricane-prone regions, satellite is the most versatile backup option that businesses and government agencies can have on hand.

“Satellite as a backup solution, in regions like the Caribbean, is imperative. The technology and the equipment used in satellite communications enable a more diverse solution that can keep customers connected when cell towers and cable lines get knocked out. Some satellite antennas are built to withstand high-force winds, whereas towers and phone lines might not be. Also, the connectivity for communications happens off-island and above the storms,” said Dean Eldridge, CEO of Expedition Communications.

We asked Mr. Eldridge if COVID-19 will impact a business's ability to install satellite as a back-up solution. He responded with,

“With COVID-19 we’ve seen a shift in more people working from home. We’ve responded by working with folks to secure business internet solutions in their new home-office setting or a traditional place of business.”

Online communication needs have skyrocketed due to the impact of COVID-19. When those online systems go out, little will be left to support local businesses and residents. That’s why Expedition Communications will waive installation fees for satellite business internet in August – offering a savings of nearly $400.

All businesses, home offices, government agencies, and non-profits are urged to contact Expedition Communications immediately at 1-877-410-8101 x 2024 or at www.expeditioncommunications.com.

Expedition Communications is a global telecommunications solutions provider. The company specializes in designing and streamlining satellite-based communication solutions that power the daily flow of information for small to enterprise-sized businesses and government agencies. Since inception in 2008, the company has partnered with a wide range of clients across many verticals, including but not limited to retail, pharmaceutical, IT, government, oil & gas, and many others.

Liz Ingle
Centric Marketing
+1 619-846-2310
email us here

Hurricane Preparedness – Puerto Rico and the Caribbean

Source: EIN Presswire

Scott Chappelle Michigan and Strathmore Real Estate Group Welcome Woodie's Wash Shack

Scott Chappelle Strathmore Development

Scott Chappelle Strathmore Development

EAST LANSING, MI, UNITED STATES, August 7, 2020 /EINPresswire.com/ — Scott Chappelle Michigan and Strathmore Real Estate Group welcome Woodie's Wash Shack to Riverview 14.

Vehicle owners know there's something special about driving a spotless car or truck. The new Woodie's Wash Shack at Riverview 14 is making the task of keeping your vehicle spotless easier than ever before. Scott Chappelle Michigan explains that the Strathmore Real Estate Group is excited to welcome Woodie's as a new staple in the Riverview 14 Entertainment District

Scott Chappelle Strathmore Development explains that Woodie's Wash Shack is a state-of-the-art, drive-in vehicle washing center. The wash center will leave your vehicle spotless, and you can put the finishing touches on your vehicle's interior with the heavy-duty outdoor vacuums and complimentary cleaning supplies. Chappelle adds that Woodie's will be an excellent addition to the community, making it easier and more convenient for East Lansing locals and visitors to keep their vehicles clean.

Woodie's Wash Shacks are located around the country, and Scott Chappelle Strathmore Development states that this company has been transforming the car wash industry. The company's goal is to provide the best car wash in the industry, with impeccable customer service and top-of-the-line equipment.

Scott Chappelle Michigan adds that Woodie's Wash Shack experience is different than every other car wash. Customers remain in their vehicles while riding through the "tube" and enjoy an unprecedented experience with light tricks and a fully entertaining experience. However, the hand-selected products and state-of-the-art process are what make your vehicle come out cleaner than the competition. Scott Chappelle Strathmore Development explains that visitors also pass through "Muscle Beach," where free mat cleaners and vacuums are available for all customers to use.

Scott Chappelle Michigan states that Woodie's Wash Shack at Riverview 14 will bring convenience and affordability to the area. Visitors can choose from a variety of membership and pricing options, ranging from affordable single washes to unbeatable Wash Club monthly memberships. Scott Chappelle Strathmore Development adds that the community is eager to welcome Woodie's for its commitment to enhancing the vehicle washing experience while offering ultra-affordable pricing.

Scott Chappelle Michigan and Strathmore Development are constantly helping East Lansing and other communities evolve. Scott Chappelle Strathmore Development and the entire real estate group strive to bring exceptional projects, including commercial, residential, and mixed-use projects, to the East Lansing area. The group is focused on turning innovative and helpful ideas into realities.

Scott Chappelle Strathmore Development explains that the real estate group is constantly changing to meet the challenges of today's unique real estate and business environments. Scott Chappelle Michigan and his team agree that the addition of Woodie's Wash Station to the Riverview 14 entertainment complex is one from which the entire community will benefit.

Caroline Hunter
Web Presence, LLC
+ +19412233529
email us here

Source: EIN Presswire

Sombudha Adhikari on Financial Analytics: How It can Help Corporations Stay Afloat

WHITEHOUSE STATION, NJ, UNITED STATES, August 7, 2020 /EINPresswire.com/ — Data relating to one's business is important to understand, and failing to do so can be costly. Sombudha Adhikari explains how financial analytics can help corporations do better.

Every business owner wants to have all kinds of ways to understand what is going on with their company, but the problem is, it may not be easy to fully grasp the data. Data tends to be a bit difficult to understand, and as such, you want to have someone on hand to be able to analyze the data and make it understandable to you. Sombudha Adhikari discusses the value of financial analytics, and how it can be used to help your business.

Sombudha Adhikari: What is Financial Analytics and how Can They Help?

Not only is it important to better understand the data surrounding your business, but it is also important that this understanding comes as soon as possible. If you let the data go unrecognized for too long, Sombudha Adhikari notes, you may limit or eliminate the advantages to be derived from it. Being able to understand the finances of your business helps you see how your business has been doing on multiple levels, but it also gives you an idea of what you can do to improve things. You can have a better idea of what works, what doesn't work, and how things can go from here on out, Sombudha Adhikari explains. So long as you are able to take constructive criticism and not just over-focus on the aspects of the analysis that paint you and your actions in a positive light, this should do you and your company a world of good, Sombudha Adhikari notes.

Having a better understanding of your finances does a lot of good to help you make money, too, rather than just stay sustainable. Sustainability is important, but if there is profit to be had, one cannot blame someone for wanting to acquire it, Sombudha Adhikari notes. Furthermore, as your business begins to grow, there is going to be more aspects of your company that the data covers, and in turn, more data to parse. You will not be able to reasonably analyze all of this data on your own, even if you are able to understand what it is communicating, due to the sheer volume of the data available. Having a team to analyze this data keeps things speedy, especially if you make sure to keep their numbers increasing as the need for their services increases so that they do not get bogged down by the work. Financial analytics works on multiple different levels, Sombudha Adhikari notes; these range from shareholder value, cash flow, product profitability, client profitability, and more. Having people whose skills are able to work on data in all of these and more helps a lot, and Sombudha Adhikari strongly suggests it.

Caroline Hunter
Web Presence, LLC
+ +19412233529
email us here

Source: EIN Presswire

Women In Business: What CPA Rachel Daddesio Wants You To Know About Creating A Start-Up

Rachel Daddesio Montgomery

MONTGOMERY, TX, UNITED STATES, August 7, 2020 /EINPresswire.com/ — CPA Rachel Daddesio of Montgomery is passionate about helping women in business. She knows how tough it can be to get a start-up off the ground, and she's offering her top tips to women who are looking to create a business they can build over time.

Rachel Daddesio of Montgomery recommends that women who are interested in starting a business check out the many grants available. Grants.gov offers several grants (money that does not have to be paid back) to people who want to start their own business. Rachel Daddesio recommends checking back for grants regularly, as the opportunities change quickly. Even if you're not sure whether you're completely qualified for a grant, Rachel Daddesio of Montgomery recommends applying anyway. Often, companies and charitable organizations give grant money to the most qualified applicant, even if they don't check all of the boxes.

It's also important to get the education you need to understand the law as it relates to your business. Rachel Daddesio of Montgomery recommends checking your local resources to find opportunities to meet with legal counsel. Many cities offer clinics with free legal advice for small business owners.

Rachel Daddesio of Montgomery also recommends finding a group of like-minded female entrepreneurs to support you as you grow your business. It can be tough being a woman starting a business, and it's key that you have support from other people who are in the same boat. Rachel Daddesio of Montgomery encourages you to congregate with both people who are in similar lines of work and those who are not, as you can all learn from and support one another.

Creating a workspace is also important, according to Rachel Daddesio of Montgomery, even if you're currently just working from your computer or tablet. Not only is this good for you to get in the right headspace when it's time to work, but according to Rachel Daddesio of Montgomery, having a home office can also be a great tax write off. If you're doing the work and putting in the long hours, you deserve to get all the benefits that come with having your own space.

Rachel Daddesio of Montgomery also recommends taking some time each day to work on yourself, rather than on your business. Entrepreneurship is hard, and it's key that you take the time you need to de-stress at the end of each day. In between applying for grants, finding your workspace, meeting with lawyers, and diving into learning more about your line of work, be sure to remember that you're working to better your life, not work yourself into the ground. It's ok to take a step back and enjoy the fruits of your hard work.

Caroline Hunter
Web Presence, LLC
+ +19412233529
email us here

Source: EIN Presswire

James L. McEnerney Lacrosse Coach Provides Tips for Up-and-Coming Players

James McEnerney Lacrosse

KANSAS CITY, KANSAS, UNITED STATES, August 7, 2020 /EINPresswire.com/ — James L. McEnerney Lacrosse Coach Provides Tips for Up-and-Coming Players

James L. McEnerney lacrosse coach talks about the best tips and strategies for newer players.

James L. McEnerney Lacrosse Coach – An Introduction

If you’re unfamiliar with James L. McEnerney Lacrosse Coach, you haven’t been keeping up with the competitive lacrosse world. Mr. McEnerney has successfully coached young lacrosse players for decades. He has trained beginners and worked with some of the greatest lacrosse players in the United States and even the world.

As a result, “James L. McEnerney Lacrosse Coach” is a title that people associate with excellence and experience. Fortunately, James L. McEnerney doesn’t like to keep his knowledge to himself. That’s why he sat down to provide some useful tips for up-and-coming lacrosse players.

5 Tips for New Players From James L. McEnerney Lacross Coach

James L. McEnerney has a lot to say about lacrosse, but he narrowed down his tips and advice to these five quotes:

1. “Lacrosse is a game that requires a strategic mind. You have to constantly look for open spaces and coordinate with your teammates in real-time. Building up physical attributes (speed, strength, etc.) is important, but you also need to focus on learning the strategic elements of the game backward and forward. This will give you a much-needed edge over the competition.” – James L. McEnerney Lacrosse Coach

2. “Don’t think of your lacrosse journey as a one-man or one-woman show. You are always part of a team that includes players, coaches, and other staff. Treat everyone with respect, and you will get the same treatment in kind. Not only will this make for a better environment in which to play, but it will also improve your reputation as a good sport.” – James L. McEnerney Lacrosse Coach

3. “If you’re brand new to the game, you’re probably in need of some basic skill practice. For this, focus on catching and throwing. Do this over and over again. Your lacrosse stick needs to become an extension of you. This way, the game will feel second-nature to you.” – James L. McEnerney Lacrosse Coach

4. “If you have the means, I always recommend investing in a personal trainer. Whether you want someone who can help you improve your lacrosse skills or someone who can push you to new limits at the gym, a personal trainer can be a vital asset.” – James L. McEnerney Lacrosse Coach

5. “Don’t let small setbacks bring you down. You will lose games. You will make mistakes. This doesn’t make you a loser. You’re only a loser if you give up when things get tough. I don’t like to think of myself as a tough coach, but I do believe in pushing my players. Lacrosse players — especially the younger ones — tend to want to give up whenever they face a new barrier. You can never succeed if you have this mentality.” – James L. McEnerney Lacrosse Coach

Caroline Hunter
Web Presence, LLC
email us here

Source: EIN Presswire

Once Upon a Time All Humans Had Dark Skin

Variations in human skin color are adaptive traits that correlate closely with geography and the sun's ultraviolet radiation.

Variations in human skin color are adaptive traits that correlate closely with geography and the sun’s ultraviolet radiation.

Annual mean ultraviolet-B intensity.

Annual mean ultraviolet-B intensity.

Skin color, eye color, and hair texture are the primary ways human bodies adapt to intense sunlight in the tropics

We live in a very delicate Goldilocks balance of how much solar ultraviolet-B radiation reaches Earth’s surface and how much is absorbed by the cells making up our skin.”

— Dr. Peter L. Ward, U.S. Geological Survey retired

JACKSON, WYOMING, UNITED STATES, August 7, 2020 /EINPresswire.com/ — Humans thrive on Earth only when they absorb just the right intensity of just the right types of solar radiation. Low-frequency, infrared sunlight keeps us warm. Moderate-frequency visible sunlight allows us to see and powers photosynthesis, causing plants to grow. But too much high-frequency ultraviolet sunlight and neither animals nor plants flourish. Life on Earth exists only because of a very delicate Goldilocks balance in the frequencies and intensities of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.

Earth’s atmosphere filters sunlight. The highest energy components of sunlight, including gamma rays, X-rays, and extreme ultraviolet radiation, are completely absorbed in the uppermost atmosphere where they cause ionization of nitrogen and oxygen—forming and heating the ionosphere, 620 to 62 miles above Earth.

Ultraviolet-C solar radiation is completely absorbed primarily by molecules of oxygen, forming and heating the mesosphere and stratosphere 62 to 6 miles above Earth.

Ultraviolet-B solar radiation is absorbed by ozone molecules, forming and heating the ozone layer 22 to 9 miles above Earth. Ultraviolet-B is the highest energy solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface. But normally, 98% of all ultraviolet-B is absorbed in the ozone layer. This is fortunate because ultraviolet-B has high-enough energy to cause sunburn, skin cancer, cataracts, and disruption of DNA, ultimately causing mutations in plants and animals. Thus, too much ultraviolet-B radiation is damaging and even fatal to life on Earth.

On the other hand, solar ultraviolet-B radiation, when absorbed by human skin, forms vitamin D, which is crucial for healthy bone growth and for healthy immune systems. Furthermore, ultraviolet-B is required for healthy plant development. Thus, not enough ultraviolet-B is also damaging to life on Earth.

“The crux of this delicate Goldilocks balance,” according to Dr. Peter L. Ward, a geophysicist for 27 years with the U.S. Geological Survey, “is how much solar ultraviolet-B radiation reaches Earth’s surface and how much is absorbed by the cells making up the skin of animals and the surface layer of plants.”

The intensity and duration of sunlight is greatest in the tropics, decreasing toward the poles. The primary way our bodies adapt to these changes is by adjusting skin color, eye color, and hair texture.

Our ancestors evolved from apes in the jungles of eastern Africa 6 to 7 million years ago. Around 1.2 million years ago, as the world descended deeper into the last ice age, a megadrought drove early humans into open savannah grasslands. They began to walk upright in open sunlight. They lost their body hair, evolved more efficient perspiration, and evolved short, curly, Afro-textured hair to protect their brain from the heat of direct sunshine.

But the primary evolutionary adaptation to bright sunlight is skin color produced by melanin. Melanin is a dark brown to black pigment that occurs naturally in the hair, skin, and the iris of the eyes in people and animals. Melanin is generated by exposure to ultraviolet radiation causing tanning of skin. Melanin absorbs up to 99.9% of ultraviolet-B radiation before it can penetrate deeper into the body, where is can damage tissue and DNA. Too much ultraviolet-B radiation causes depletion of folate that is required for the body to make DNA and RNA and to metabolize amino acids.

Thus, humans living in intense sunlight in equatorial regions, long before clothes were invented, developed dark skin, short, curly, dark Afro-textured hair, and brown eyes. Beginning 70,000 to 50,000 years ago, some Homo sapiens, members of our species, began migrating out of the tropics into mid-latitudes where sunlight was less intense. At higher latitudes, they evolved lower levels of melanin, leading to lighter skin, lighter eye color, and lighter hair color so that they could absorb adequate sunlight. Plus, they evolved straighter hair that blankets the head, providing increased warmth. These lower levels of melanin appear to have evolved in a heritable way in as little as 100 generations—approximately 2500 years.

There is a very high correlation between skin color and the latitude at which a population lived for thousands of years. The less intense the sunlight, the lighter the indigenous people’s skin. That is why fair skin, blonde hair, and blue eyes are so prevalent in Scandinavia.

As humans moved to higher latitudes, they developed clothing which meant less skin was exposed to sunlight, hastening decreases in melanin. They also developed diets rich in vitamin D, such as seafood, fatty meats, egg yolks, mushrooms, and, more recently, fortified foods such as milk, orange juice, and cereals.

During the last 12,000 years, after the last ice age, humans began living in the far north. Innuit developed a diet rich in vitamin D, emphasizing fatty fish and sea mammal blubber. Eurasian populations emphasized reindeer meat, organs, and fat.

Light-skinned people can produce vitamin D in their skin at rates 5 to 10 times faster than dark-skinned people. With the rapid dispersal and mixing of populations worldwide in recent centuries, up to 50% of world population today may not get enough sun and 40% of U.S. residents are deficient in vitamin D. How much sunshine is needed for a healthy body is a function of skin color—the darker the skin, the more sunshine is required.

The intensity of sunlight in the tropics has also influenced social customs. For example, the modern siesta, a nap after a midday meal, is a common way for those working outside to avoid the most intense sunshine in the early afternoon.

Thus, the existence and health of humans and plants living on Earth is determined by having just the right Goldilocks balance between how much solar ultraviolet-B radiation is absorbed by the ozone layer versus how much reaches Earth’s surface. Human bodies adapt over thousands of years to solar intensity at the latitude where their ancestors lived. Dark skin, brown eyes, and Afro-textured hair made it possible for early humans to thrive in the bright sunlight of tropical East Africa. Lighter skin, lighter eyes, and straighter, more insulating hair made it possible for humans to survive at higher latitudes as they roamed the world in search of food.

Peter L. Ward
Science Is Never Settled Inc.
+1 3074134055
email us here
Visit us on social media:

Nina Jablonski breaks the illusion of skin color

Source: EIN Presswire

Just Released: State of China Life Science Report ahead of ChinaBio® Partnering Forum Digital

State of China Life Sciences

Virtual Partnering

ChinaBio Partnering Forum

With partnering now open for ChinaBio® Partnering Forum Digital, now is a perfect time to read the latest report from ChinaBio®, State of China Life Science.

CARLSBAD, CA, USA, August 7, 2020 /EINPresswire.com/ — With one-to-one partnering now open for the eleventh annual ChinaBio® Partnering Forum Digital, the largest and most productive life science partnering conference revolving around China, now is a perfect time to read the latest report from ChinaBio® Group, State of China Life Science Report – 2020 H1.

The just released special report, subtitled Back on Track – VC, Partnering and IPOs Rebound, analyzes the many factors driving China life sciences investment, including robust government support for healthcare innovation, significant VC and partnering activity, sweeping regulatory changes, and very strong cross-border pharma deals. Download the report here.

The best way to take advantage of this surge in investment activity and cross-border partnering is to participate in ChinaBio® Partnering Forum Digital, which will be presented digitally August 25–27, China Standard Time, allowing delegates to tap into China’s advanced biotech and manufacturing capabilities, access international investment, and bridge partnerships between Asia-Pacific and the Western world. 

Registration and partnering information for ChinaBio® Partnering Forum Digital is available online. 

All EBD events feature our trusted gold-standard partnering platform, partneringONE®, allowing delegates to search for and request meetings with potential partners, and then meet at prescheduled times during the conference with unique links to a secure video conferencing solution. This will be run on an extended-day, 24-hour basis to allow participants to meet conveniently from any time zone. 

In addition, company presentations will be pre-recorded and available on demand before and during the conference so that finding prospective partners will be even easier. Panels, workshops and an exhibitor showcase will also be pre-recorded and available on demand. 

For a truly global experience in this time of restricted travel, attendees from biotech, pharma, and investment sectors can access the unparalleled partnering and content offered by three upcoming events, ChinaBio® Partnering Forum Digital, BioPharm America™ Digital and BIO-Europe® Digital in August, September and October, either as individual conferences, or with a Global Partnering Virtual Passport to all three, at a substantially reduced fee. 

Registration for the Virtual Passport is available here. 

The Virtual Passport will also include complimentary access for 90-days to Biomedtracker, providing real-time analysis of major industry events, helping you stay on top of breaking news, drug pipelines, upcoming milestones, deals and companies, an invaluable resource when researching and accepting partnering meetings. With registration for one of the three events, you will also receive a 60-day free trial of Biomedtracker. 

 Additional links and information: 

Follow ChinaBio® Partnering Forum on Twitter:  @EBDGroup (hashtag: #ChinaPartnering).    

About EBD Group 

EBD Group's overriding mission is to help collaborations get started across the life science value chain. Our range of partnering conferences has grown to become the largest and most productive conference platform in the industry. Each one of our seven landmark events held in key life science markets around the world is powered by our state-of-the-art partnering software, partneringONE®, that enables delegates to efficiently identify and engage with new opportunities via one-to-one meetings. 

Today our events (ChinaBio® Partnering Forum, BIO-Europe®, BIO-Europe Spring®, BioPharm America™, Biotech Showcase™, China Showcase, Digital Medicine & Medtech Showcase, and BioEquity Europe) annually attract more than 12,000 senior life science executives who engage in over 48,000 one-to-one partnering meetings. These vital one-to-one engagements are the wellspring of deals that drive innovation in our industry. 

For more information please visit www.ebdgroup.com. 

About ChinaBio® Group 

Since its founding in 2007, ChinaBio® Group has successfully helped nearly 100 US, European and Asia-Pacific life science companies achieve success in China. Leveraging its consulting and advisory teams’ significant experience in China’s life science industry, ChinaBio® has helped its clients identify over 1,000 in-/out-licensing and M&A opportunities and raise over $500M in funding in China. Clients have included many global pharma and life science companies as well as early stage and mid-size companies in Europe, US, Korea and Japan, as well as China. ChinaBio® has also organized over 30 conferences in China focused on investment and partnering, and publishes ChinaBio® Today, the most widely read source for China life science news. ChinaBio® Group is headquartered in Shanghai with staff in San Diego, Silicon Valley, Canada and Switzerland. 

Susanna Ling 
EBD Group 
+1 760 930 0500 

Jean Meng 
ChinaBio® Group 
+1 858 859 1860 

Susanna Ling
EBD Group
+1 760 930 0500
email us here
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Source: EIN Presswire